Special Education: Disabilities

The following disabilities are defined by Federal or Commissioner/State Board of Education Rules and qualify for special education.  These are disability categories and not the same as a specific medical diagnosis.  An educational diagnostician will assess and evaluate the student and then an ARD committee with meet to decide if a student is eligible for special education.

Auditory Impairment (AI)
: a hearing impairment that is so severe that a child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing with or without amplification, which adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Autism (AU)
: developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before 3, which adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Deaf-Blindness (DB)
: concomitant hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.

Emotional Disturbance (ED)
: a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance:
(1) an inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors;
(2) an inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers;
(3) inappropriate types go behavior or feelings under normal circumstances;
(4) a general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; (5) a tendency to develop physical symptoms of fears associated with personal or school problems.  The term includes schizophrenia.

Learning Disability (LD)
: a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, or developmental aphasia.

Intellectual Disability (ID)
: significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Multiple Disability (MD)
: concomitant impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments.

Orthopedic Disability (OD)
: a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Other Health Impairment (OHI)
: having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to educational environment, that is due to chronic or acute health problems that adversely affect a child's educational performance.

Speech Impairment (SI)
: a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or voice impairment, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
: an acquired injury the the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Visual Impairment (VI)
: an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance.  The term includes both partial sight and blindness.
Non-Categorical Early Childhood (NCEC): a student between the ages of 3 and 5 who is evaluated as having mental retardation, emotional disturbance, a specific learning disability, or autism may be described as non categorical early childhood.